Alfried Längle

The difficulty to find meaning is due to its complexity. The meaning concept in modern Existential Analysis (Vienna) tries to do justice to it by describing meaning as one of four fundamental conditions for a personally fulfilling life. These conditions are intertwined: If meaning should be “existential” i.e. strong enough to carry in difficult situations it has to be based on the actual reality and on one’s own life which resonates in the felt values, the substance of meaningful experiences. But more than this meaning is highly personal; the individual cannot be replaced. As such meaning has an ethical aspect. And finally meaning encompasses a specific understanding of one’s being in the world and one’s purpose and is therefore also philosophically rooted.

The presentation gives an overview of the different components leading practically to find meaning in the psychotherapeutic process.